“Journalist Ethan Watters argues that American models of disorders like anorexia and depression are being embraced in other countries. We revisit our conversation with Watters, who also says mental health professionals who come in to provide counseling after a disaster need to consider local practices and beliefs.” interview by robin young for the show, here and now, on npr. this is a really interesting interview about the idea that mental illness can spread to other cultures. its a relatively short listen, little over 13 minutes.
the following tumblrs frequently blog about anthro and related subjects, or at least they did the last time i checked.
“In an experiment, untrained Barbary macaques showed interest in the photos and spent more time scrutinising pictures of unfamiliar animals.
Juvenile monkeys were fascinated but puzzled by the photographs. They often tried to greet or touch the animal in the image.
The findings suggest that the primates learn with age to understand that photos are representations of faces.
As well as adding to our knowledge of their intelligence, the findings, published in the journal Animal Cognition, could also help in future studies of primate behaviour.”
posted by the bbc
Bonobos communicate where to find their favourite food using barks and peeps, scientists have found.
In the first study of its kind, researchers in the UK found the apes gave each other specific details about food quality.
The combination of five distinct calls into sequences allowed others to concentrate their foraging around areas known to contain preferred kiwi fruits.
Scientists say the evidence suggests an extensive intelligence in the species.
posted in the bbc
New study challenges previous findings that humans are an altruistic anomaly, and positions chimpanzees as cooperative, especially when their partners are patient.
Researchers at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, have shown chimpanzees have a significant bias for prosocial behavior. This, the study authors report, is in contrast to previous studies that positioned chimpanzees as reluctant altruists and led to the widely held belief that human altruism evolved in the last six million years only after humans split from apes. The current study findings are available in the online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
According to Yerkes researchers Victoria Horner, PhD, Frans de Waal, PhD, and their colleagues, chimpanzees may not have shown prosocial behaviors in other studies because of design issues, such as the complexity of the apparatus used to deliver rewards and the distance between the animals.
“I have always been skeptical of the previous negative findings and their over-interpretation, says Dr. de Waal. “This study confirms the prosocial nature of chimpanzees with a different test, better adapted to the species,” he continues.